Gynecomastia is characterised by the presence of visible breasts in men
The male breast is normally characterised as an insignificantly sized bud.
The mammary gland can develop and lead to the formation of a relatively large breast in men, called gynecomastia. Gynecomastia can be unilateral or bilateral. It forms a firm mass, tender to touch and centered on the areola.
An adipomastie (accumulation of fat in the breast) may be associated, this is called gynecomastia adipocytes.
The presence of breasts in men, particularly during adolescence, is distressing and leads to lower self-esteem with an impact on the social, emotional and sexual life.
Gynecomastia can be caused by several diseases or hormonal imbalances. Therefore an assessment is always done to try to identify the origin of the disorder, so that its treatment can achieve a more or less complete regression of the gynecomastia.
It should be noted that transient gynecomastia is common in puberty and disappears within a few months.
In practice, in most cases, no cause is found. This is called idiopathic gynecomastia which is corrected surgically.